Search results: php performance

PHP Performance: Additional CPU cores vs Faster CPU cores

Some time ago, I received an email from a client experiencing slow performance issues with a LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL, and PHP webserver). During a full audit, I found that the server’s load average was pretty low (see above screenshot). However, the website was indeed very slow. There were some misconfigurations, but one of the […]

Monitoring PHP Performance and Diagnosing Bottlenecks

Last week, we took a quick look at PHP-FPM, reducing process manager (PM) overhead and maxing out PHP-FPM’s throughput by attempting to keep processes in-memory using pm.static. However, beyond development server benchmarks, on our production servers, we also want to drill down into all services and components called up by each user’s interaction. This allows us the opportunity to diagnose PHP and other […]

PHP performance: oPcache Control Panels

OPcache is a PHP extension which improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode in shared memory, thereby removing the need for PHP to load and parse scripts on each request. The extension is built-in for PHP 5.5+ …but, if you are looking to improve PHP performance, the first step should be to use PHP 7+ which […]

PHP Benchmarks: OPcache vs OPcache w/ Performance Tweaks

A few weeks ago, I wrote a short article highlighting GUI solutions for monitoring and controlling PHP OPcache. We all know that enabling PHP OPcache provides massive performance gains (see benchmark graph at the end of the article). In addition, since PHP 5.5, OPcache is now enabled by default. With these facts in mind, is […]

PHP 8 Compatibility Check and Performance Tips.

PHP 7 was first released back on 03 Dec 2015. Yes, I’m sure, it’s been around a while! The PHP team encouraged upgrading to PHP 7, hailing its improvements such as being twice as fast, consistent 64-bit support, removal of old and unsupported SAPIs and extensions, improved fatal error resistance, to name a few. A […]

PHP-FPM tuning: Using ‘pm static’ for max performance

Let’s take a very quick look at how best to set up PHP-FPM for high throughput, low latency, and more stable use of CPU and memory. By default, most setups have PHP-FPM’s PM (process manager) string set to dynamic and there’s also the common advice to use ondemand if you suffer from available memory issues. However, let’s compare the two management […]

Increase Performance and lifespan of SSDs & SD Cards

SSDs (solid-state drives) and SD (Secure Digital) cards have a limited number of writes before they wear out. To get the most out of this storage type, let’s investigate, then make a few adjustments to maximize the life of your SSDs and SD cards. Article refreshed from 6 years ago.   Using iotop to monitor and […]

100 top APM (Application Performance Monitoring) solutions

Looking for application monitoring tools and server monitoring solutions? On this page, I’ve listed the top application performance monitoring (APM), server monitoring, and observability solutions to date. The listings are updated frequently as APM and observability solutions continue a rapid evolution. While I haven’t tested all of these solutions, I’ve used more than a third […]

PHP memory_limit – understanding and increasing this setting

PHP memory_limit is per-script, just as a highway’s speed limit is per-vehicle. For example, although PHP’s memory limit may be set high to 1GB, that does not mean that scripts will pile up to use that 1GB. Let’s take a quick look at understanding PHP’s memory_limit setting.   PHP memory_limit is a per-script setting PHP.net’s […]

What is iowait and how does it affect Linux performance?

I/O wait or iowait, wait, wa, %iowait, or wait% is often displayed by command-line Linux system monitoring tools such as top, sar, atop, and others. On its own, it’s one of many performance stats that provide us with an insight into Linux system performance. I/O wait came up in a recent discussion with a new client of […]