Are you searching for the best Linux distro (distribution) for your desktop computer or laptop? This article will help you choose the Best Linux Distro for Desktop in 2020. Note that this post does not cover Linux server distributions, but instead focuses on the best Linux desktop distros. One great way to increase your familiarity with Linux servers is to run Linux on your laptop or workstation.
Best Linux Distro 2020
Ok, the first rule to remember here is that, there will be a best Linux distro for me (Ubuntu 20.04 LTS) but also a best Linux distro for you. In addition, what we consider to be the best Linux Distro now, will often change over time to match your experience level and other changing factors. This is why I update this post several times throughout each year.
With this in mind, lets begin breaking down the hunt for your best Linux distro into three categories…
Beginner, Experienced and Expert.
Best Linux Distros for Beginners
For users who want quick access to Linux and a large array of software/apps without having to use the command line. Or, maybe you simply seek an easy way to give Linux a try. For those users I would recommend…
- Ubuntu – a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with the largest community support of any Distro. Ubuntu offers a beginner friendly download page with large text which highlight most important things for new users; such as system requirements, live USB guide and guides on how to switch from Windows or Mac.
- Linux Mint – a Ubuntu-based distribution whose goal is to provide a more complete out-of-the-box experience by including browser plugins, media codecs, support for DVD playback, Java and other components. It also adds custom desktop options and menus, several unique configuration tools and a web-based package installation interface. Linux Mint is compatible with Ubuntu software repositories.
- Pop!_OS – another Ubuntu-based Linux distribution featuring a custom GNOME desktop. This Linux distro is developed by System76 a Linux computer retailer. Pop!_OS makes this list because the have gone out of their way to make sure that this distro is beginner friendly by offering 100’s of informative videos and a growing list of help articles.
- Manjaro – a user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system based on Arch Linux. Key features include intuitive installation process, automatic hardware detection, stable rolling-release model, ability to install multiple kernels, special Bash scripts for managing graphics drivers and extensive desktop configurability.
Best Linux Distros for Experienced users
The following distros are very similar to those above. However, the default install does not include as much cool bloat. This requires a bit more customization and research. This shouldn’t be difficult or frustrating, but instead satisfying.
- Fedora – (formerly Fedora Core) is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project. An upstream source of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution. Fedora contains free and open-source license software packages and aims to be on the leading edge of technologies while working closely with upstream Linux communities. Fedora Project also distributes custom variations of Fedora called Fedora ‘spins’, for gaming, security, design, scientific computing, robotics, etc. Fedora short version life cycle means that package updates are frequent. This may be scary to some or satisfying to others who enjoy using the latest software.
- Debian – Of course, the common thing that people want is application software. Debian gives you easy access to these without pre-installing them. Debian comes with over 60,000 packages (pre-compiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) – all of it free. Add some challenge, install Debian Testing or Debian SID.
- openSUSE – The openSUSE project has three main goals: make openSUSE the easiest Linux for anyone to obtain and the most widely used Linux distribution; leverage open source collaboration to make openSUSE the world’s most usable Linux distribution and desktop environment for new and experienced Linux users; dramatically simplify and open the development and packaging processes to make openSUSE the platform of choice for Linux developers and software vendors. openSUSE also now offers Tumbleweed rolling release distro.
- Solus – a fairly new Linux distribution, built from scratch. Solus a very focused approach to desktop editions: Solus Bungie, Solus Gnome, Solus Plasma and Solus Mate. That said, their Bungie Desktop has grown rapidly in popularity and is one of the best all-round desktop environments you’ll have the opportunity to boot into.
Notable mention: AntiX – a fast, lightweight and easy-to-install Linux distro.
Best Linux Distros for Experts
The following distributions focus on being lightweight, simple and yet far more flexible than most. Right from the install process you’ll notice that these distros will only install what you explicitly command them to.
- Arch Linux – an independently developed Linux distribution targeted at competent Linux users. It uses ‘pacman’, its home-grown package manager, to provide updates to the latest software applications with full dependency tracking. Operating on a rolling release system, Arch can be installed from a CD image or via an FTP server. The default install provides a solid base that enables users to create a custom installation. In addition, the Arch Build System (ABS) provides a way to easily build new packages, modify the configuration of stock packages, and share these packages with other users via the Arch Linux user repository. (used Arch for some time as well, see above screenshot)
- Slackware – an advanced Linux operating system, designed with the twin goals of ease of use and stability as top priorities. Including the latest popular software while retaining a sense of tradition, providing simplicity and ease of use alongside flexibility and power, Slackware brings the best of all worlds to the table. Originally developed in 1991, the UNIX-like Linux operating system now benefits from the contributions of millions of users and developers around the world. Slackware Linux provides new and experienced users alike with a fully-featured system, equipped to serve in any capacity from desktop workstation to machine-room server. Web, ftp, and email servers are ready to go out of the box, as are a wide selection of popular desktop environments. A full range of development tools, editors, and current libraries is included for users who wish to develop or compile additional software.
- Gentoo – a versatile and fast Linux distribution geared towards developers and network professionals. Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called Portage. Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user’s preferences and is often optimized for the specific type of computer. The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. Gentoo package management is designed to be modular, portable, easy to maintain, and flexible.
- Linux from scratch – Well not a distro, but a challenging project that provides you with step-by-step instructions for building your own custom Linux system, entirely from source code. According to the Linux From Scratch website, the advantages to this method are a compact, flexible and secure system and provides a greater understanding of Linux.
— Have some fun with Kali Linux non-root Mini.iso stripped install – a Debian-based rolling release distribution. It features timely security updates, support for the ARM architecture, a choice of four popular desktop environments, and seamless upgrades to newer versions. Kali Linux is specifically geared to meet the requirements of professional penetration testing and security auditing. Due to the nature of security audits, Kali Linux by default will install with a “single, root user”. …NOT recommended. If you are installing Kali for penetration testing then see their website. However, if you’d like an alternate install which does NOT install with root login and also does NOT install a single penetration testing tool, then try this custom install without root and without any tools for a rolling release managed by Kali.
I truly hope this quick guide for beginners proves helpful. Most of the distro descriptions are directly from Distrowatch – a very useful website which you can use in your research. Arch and Ubuntu screenshots from /r/unixporn. What’s your pick for the best linux distro?