Searching for the best Linux distro in 2019, for your desktop computer, workstation or laptop? This article will probably be most useful to those who don’t know what /etc/fstab is used for. This post does not cover Linux server distributions, but instead focuses on the best Linux desktop distros (distributions). One great way to increase your familiarity with Linux servers is to run Linux on your laptop and/or workstation. Article last updated: July 16th 2019. Most recent additions in Green.
Best Linux distros 2019
Ok, the first rule to remember here is: there is no best Linux distro. No seriously, there isn’t! But there IS a best Linux distro for me and a best linux distro for you. In addition, what you consider to be the best Linux distro, will often change over time to match your experience level. With this in mind, lets begin by breaking down the hunt for your best Linux distro 2019 into 3 categories… Easy, Satisfying and Challenging.
Best Linux Distros 2019 – Easy
For users who want quick access to Linux and a large array of software/apps without having to use the command line. Or, maybe you simply seek an easy way to give Linux a try. For those users I would recommend…
Manjaro – a beginner friendly, desktop-oriented operating system based on Arch Linux. Key features include intuitive installation process, easy access to a long list of Desktop Environments, automatic hardware detection, stable rolling-release model and simple desktop configurability. Users will benefit from a supportive and vibrant Manjaro community. Manjaro is a suitable replacement for Windows or MacOS.
MX Linux – Based on Debian’s “stable” branch. Is a cooperative venture between the antiX and former MEPIS communities. It is a midweight OS using Xfce as the default desktop. MX Linux features simple configuration, high stability, solid performance and medium-sized footprint. You will enjoy it’s thoughtfully customized and beginner-friendly desktop design, layout and tools.
Ubuntu – a complete desktop Linux operating system, freely available with the largest community support of any Distro. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and that people should have the freedom to customize and alter their software in whatever way they see fit.
Best Linux Distros 2019 – Satisfying
The following distros are very similar to those above. However, the default install does not include as much cool bloat. This requires a bit more customization and research. This shouldn’t be difficult or frustrating, but instead… satisfying.
Debian – Of course, the common thing that people want is application software. Debian gives you easy access to these without pre-installing them. Debian comes with over 60,000 packages (pre-compiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine) – all of it free. Add some challenge, install Debian Testing or Debian SID.
Fedora – (formerly Fedora Core) is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project. An upstream source of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution. Fedora contains free and open-source license software packages and aims to be on the leading edge of technologies while working closely with upstream Linux communities. Fedora Project also distributes custom variations of Fedora called Fedora ‘spins’, for gaming, security, design, scientific computing, robotics, etc. Fedora short version life cycle of 13 months and it’s bleeding edge approach means that package updates are frequent. This may be scary to some or satisfying to others who enjoy using the latest software.
openSUSE – The openSUSE project has three main goals: make openSUSE the easiest Linux for anyone to obtain and the most widely used Linux distribution; leverage open source collaboration to make openSUSE the world’s most usable Linux distribution and desktop environment for new and experienced Linux users; dramatically simplify and open the development and packaging processes to make openSUSE the platform of choice for Linux developers and software vendors. openSUSE also now offers Tumbleweed rolling release distro.
Best Linux Distros 2019 – Challenging
The following distributions focus on being lightweight, simple and yet far more flexible than most. Right from the install process you’ll notice that these distros will only install what you explicitly command them to.
Arch Linux – an independently developed Linux distribution targeted at competent Linux users. It uses ‘pacman’, its home-grown package manager, to provide updates to the latest software applications with full dependency tracking. Operating on a rolling release system, Arch can be installed from a CD image or via an FTP server. The default install provides a solid base that enables users to create a custom installation. In addition, the Arch Build System (ABS) provides a way to easily build new packages, modify the configuration of stock packages, and share these packages with other users via the Arch Linux user repository. (used Arch for some time as well, see above screenshot)
Slackware – a Linux operating system for advanced users. designed with the twin goals of ease of use and stability as top priorities. Including the latest popular software while retaining a sense of tradition, providing simplicity and ease of use alongside flexibility and power, Slackware brings the best of all worlds to the table. Originally developed in 1991, the UNIX-like Linux operating system now benefits from the contributions of millions of users and developers around the world. Slackware Linux provides new and experienced users alike with a fully-featured system, equipped to serve in any capacity from desktop workstation to machine-room server. Web, ftp, and email servers are ready to go out of the box, as are a wide selection of popular desktop environments. A full range of development tools, editors, and current libraries is included for users who wish to develop or compile additional software.
Gentoo – a versatile and fast Linux distribution geared towards developers and network professionals. Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called Portage. Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user’s preferences and is often optimized for the specific type of computer. The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. Gentoo package management is designed to be modular, portable, easy to maintain, and flexible.
— Have some fun with Kali Linux non-root Mini.iso stripped install – a Debian-based rolling release distribution. It features timely security updates, support for the ARM architecture, a choice of four popular desktop environments, and seamless upgrades to newer versions. Kali Linux is specifically geared to meet the requirements of professional penetration testing and security auditing. Due to the nature of security audits, Kali Linux by default will install with a “single, root user”. …NOT recommended. If you are installing Kali for penetration testing then see their website. However, if you’d like an alternate install which does NOT install with root login and also does NOT install a single penetration testing tool, then try this custom install without root and without any tools for a rolling release managed by Kali.
I truly hope this quick guide for beginners proves helpful. Most of the distro descriptions are directly from Distrowatch – a very useful website which you can use in your research. Arch and Ubuntu screenshots from Reddit’s unixporn. What’s your pick for the best linux distro?
Thanks for the many comments and suggestions you’ve made. I read and consider each and every one.
Last updated: June 8th 2019