ip command from iproute2 – utilities for TCP/IP networking in Linux

This ip command guide is a follow-up of my previous 90 Linux Commands frequently used by Linux Sysadmins article. Every week, or as time allows, I will publish articles on the ~ 90 commands geared toward Linux sysadmins and Linux power users. Let’s continue this series with the IP command.

For Linux sysadmins, it is crucial to have a basic understanding of networking tools when managing and troubleshooting Linux servers. While we’ve covered some tools made primarily for monitoring, iproute2 and specifically the IP command is used to configure, view, and modify network settings.

iproute2 is a Linux networking toolkit that replaced net-tools (including ifconfig and route). Instead of using a separate tool for every aspect of network management, with IPRoute2, sysadmins now have a unified interface.

The iproute2 contains the following command-line utilities: arpd, bridge, ctstat, devlink, ip, lnstat, nstat, rdma, routef, routel, rtacct, rtmon, rtstat, ss, tc and tipc. Most of the networking functionality is consolidated into the ip command. There’s also tc for managing traffic policies (QoS), and ss which replaced netstat.


IP command with examples

iproute2 ip command

The ip command is a part of the iproute2 package that is installed on all modern Linux distributions. This suite of networking commands allows system administrators to adjust addresses, link-state, neighbor objects, routing tables, and manage other network components. The ip command also provides access to VRF, network namespaces, policy-based routing, and so on. It offers a uniform syntax.


IP command examples:

To list interfaces with detailed info, use:

ip address

To list interfaces with brief network layer info, use:

ip -brief address

To list interfaces with brief link layer info, use:

ip -brief link

To display the routing table, use:

ip route

To show neighbors (ARP table), use:

ip neighbour

To make an interface up/down, use:

ip link set interface up/down

To add/delete an ip address to an interface, use:

ip addr add/del ip/mask dev interface

To add a default route, use:

ip route add default via ip dev interface


IP command & iproute2 useful reading:


IProute2 and the IP command are essential to Linux network management. We should know how to use the commands to assist in network and system administration.

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