LEMP Raspberry Pi 2 Web Server – Arch Linux, Nginx, MariaDB (MySQL) & PHP

Download the Latest LEMP Raspberry Pi 2 Web Server Image

 

To Do:

– Update my.cnf for RPi2 (1G of memory) and enable InnoDB by default.
– Fix broken PHP modules. (gd, imap and mcrypt)

 

Change log

09-16-2015 – Fixed sshd root access and enabled autostart of sshd on boot.
09-12-2015 – Tested image on 3 different Raspberry Pi 2 boards.
09-10-2015 – Performed pacman -Syu
09-10-2015 – Updated to work with Raspberry Pi 2 (Arm7). Old version for first gen Raspberry Pi Arm6 can be downloaded here.

raspberry pi 2 lemp

 

Known Bugs

– When using the wifi-menu command to connect to the internet instead of a network cable. There’s the following output: “cfg80211: Calling CRDA to update world regulatory domain” …this can be safely ignored. Let me know if you find the fix in comments below. I’ve tried several. It does not affect the function of wifi.

 

Software versions
– Arch Linux ARM (Rolling release. Use pacman -Syu to check for updates)
– Nginx 1.8
– MariaDB 10.0.21
– PHP 5.6
– Zend Opcache 7.0.6-dev

 

LEMP for Raspberry Pi 2
Turn your Raspberry Pi into a Nginx HTTP server with Arch Linux ARM + Nginx + MariaDB(MySQL) + PHP. Preconfigured and packaged into a downloadable image.

 

Requirements

  • Raspberry Pi 2 Model B
  • Power adapter with at least 1.5 amp (2+ amp recommended)
  • Fat32 formatted 4GB SD Card (8GB+ Recommended)
  • Network Cable for Internet access. (or use a wifi dongle)

 

Installation

  • Download the LEMP Raspberry Pi image: archlemp-rpi2.img.tar.gz
  • Extract it. eg: sudo tar zxf archlemp-rpi2.img.tar.gz
  • Write extracted image to SD card. eg: sudo dd if=arch-lemp-rpi.img of=/dev/sdx …change sdx if necessary. Don’t run this command if unsure!!!
  • Recommended – extend partition to use all of disk. You can use gparted. (Also see: http://elinux.org/RPi_Resize_Flash_Partitions)
  • Plug your internet cable and the LEMP installed SD card into your Raspberry… power it on.

 

Root access
user: root
pass: root  (please change password! Use passwd command)

 

MySQL root
user: root
password: changeme

 

Nginx/PHP web root
/usr/share/nginx/html/

 

If you are using WiFi instead of network cable to connect to the internet, then use the following command to connect to your SSID:

wifi-menu

To test Nignx simply visit your Raspberry Pi’s IP address from a web browser. You’ll see the standard Nginx test page. You can also test PHP by visiting …your.ip/info.php. (replace ‘your.ip’ with the RPi2’s IP address).

Download LEMP for your Raspberry Pi via SourceForge.net

Here’s a screenshot of top stats after boot…
rpi2_lemp_top
This LEMP install is fairly default. Allowing you the opportunity to tweak to your satisfaction. Once you install a MySQL database you may need to edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf as the memory settings I used there might be too restrictive. But be warned, you don’t have much RAM to work with on a Raspberry Pi 2 so don’t increase buffers and caches to large in /etc/mysql/my.cnf (you can enable query_cache for starters). Swapping to the SD card would be pretty terrible for performance so I added very little swap and vm.swappiness was changed from 60 to 1. I’ve tested with WordPress 4.3 and it works fast.

raspberry_pi_2_lemp

Also see…

Tags: , , , , , ,

LEMP Raspberry Pi 2 Web Server – Arch Linux, Nginx, MariaDB (MySQL) & PHP

12 Responses

  1. nice … but why? is the arch linux package management broken!? ;)

    cheers
    v.

    victor September 21, 2015 at 9:50 am #
  2. Hi James,

    Thanks for your LEMP package. Works like a charm on my new raspberry pi B2

    My little problem now is that in order to use it on DUCKDNS I have to make a CRON script (no problem) and than do a crontab -e

    Answer: command crontab not found.

    Any quick and easy solution for this?

    Thanks

    John October 27, 2015 at 2:38 pm #
    • Hi John. Happy to hear it’s working well.

      Try running this command:
      pacman -S cronie
      choose Y (yes)…

      Then try command again. If that does not work, if this thread helps:
      https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=101304

      Hayden James October 28, 2015 at 4:43 am #
    • Hi,
      Before I try cronie, I wanted to check with you becaus when I typed pacman cronie the message said: Do you want to replace fcron (cron) because it will be in conflict with cronie.

      I tried fcron on the command line and the system seems to take it… I guess that I should have used fcron from te start?

      Thanks

      John October 28, 2015 at 9:10 pm #
  3. Hi James,

    In my experimentations with nginx I updated the nginx system and my website had disappeared… Looking back this seems normal and as a matter of fact I should have HTML data on either /svr or /var/www, I guess.

    Default virtual host files will be placed into /usr/share/nginx/html. Please keep in mind that this directory is only for the default virtual host. For deploying your web application, use folders recommended by Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS).

    Is there any reason why you did not mention a procedure for that in your write-up?

    Thanks

    John October 29, 2015 at 9:16 pm #
  4. Thanks for this…
    Just wondering how do I set a static IP as no /etc/network/interfaces is missing?

    cat: /etc/network/interfaces: No such file or directory

    Mike February 21, 2016 at 3:16 pm #
  5. Is there any version compatible with Raspberry Pi Model B?

    Αγιάννης September 27, 2016 at 2:04 pm #
    • Hi. Thanks for your post. This works with the Raspberry Pi 2 Model B. Let me know if that’s the model you are referring to.

      Hayden James September 27, 2016 at 4:36 pm #
    • I mean the Raspberry Pi with the Single-core cpu (700Mhz) and 512Mb Ram. The old one! I know it is slow but it’s only for testing..

      Αγιάννης September 27, 2016 at 5:49 pm #
    • yes see the change log above. The original image can still be downloaded here: http://haydenjames.io/download-lemp-raspberry-pi-nginx-mariadb-mysql-php/

      Hayden James September 27, 2016 at 6:26 pm #
    • Thank you very much!!!

      Αγιάννης September 28, 2016 at 10:37 pm #

Leave a Reply