PHP Benchmarks: OPcache vs OPcache w/ Performance Tweaks

A few weeks ago I wrote a short article which highlighted GUI solutions for monitoring and controlling PHP OPcache. We all know that enabling PHP OPcache provides massive performances gains (see benchmark graph at the end of article). In addition, since PHP 5.5, OPcache is now enabled by default. With these facts in mind, is it possible […]

Alternatives to top and htop

We’ve covered top, atop and indirectly due to it’s popularity as top’s alternative… htop (the last screenshot).  But are there any others worth looking at? That was the question today in the ask.haydenjames.io Linux forum. This is largely a matter of preference regarding what data is most important to you as it pertains to system health […]

.IO TLD DNS issues and a day without Cloudflare

Yesterday morning, I started receiving down alerts for this blog. Pingdom’s alerts include the message: “Reason: Non-recoverable failure in name resolution”. Right from the start, to simplify troubleshooting, I wrongly removed Cloudflare since I had a similar issue with them a year ago and was able to resolve by temporarily removing. However, upon investigation the issue […]

PHP memory_limit – a *per-script* setting

What happens when your web host blames PHP memory_limit setting for memory usage issues on a Linux web server. This happened recently and although PHP’s memory limit was set to 1GB (very high) that does not mean that scripts were using 1GB. Let’s take a quick look at understanding PHP’s memory_limit setting. PHP memory_limit is a per-script […]

Linux top: Here’s how to customize it

The top program provides a dynamic real-time view of a running system. It can display system summary information as well as a list of processes or threads currently being managed by the Linux kernel. The types of system summary information shown and the types, order and size of information displayed for processes are all user […]

Using CentOS CR (Continuous Release) Repo

CentOS (Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux distribution that attempts to provide free, enterprise-class, community-supported computing platform functionally compatible with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). CentOS is run by volunteers who work directly with Red Hat’s RPM source files and pushing them to CentOS for release. At times the project will fall behind […]

Choosing the Best Linux Distro for Desktop 2018

Searching for the best Linux distro (distribution)? This article will probably be most useful to those who don’t know what /etc/fstab is used for. Also, this post does not cover Linux server distributions, but instead focuses on Linux desktop distributions. One great way to increase your familiarity with Linux servers is to run Linux on your laptop and/or […]

Strip Down Apache to Improve Performance & Memory Efficiency

Can you believe that its been 5 years since the release of Apache 2.4?! Still, most Apache based web servers continue to run Apache version 2.2 or even 2.0. This is understandable for the same reasons why Apache web servers are still used more than Nginx… compatibility, official support and features. If you haven’t replaced Apache […]

PHP performance: oPcache Control Panels

OPcache is a PHP extension which improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode in shared memory, thereby removing the need for PHP to load and parse scripts on each request. The extension is built-in for PHP 5.5+ …but, if you are looking to improve PHP performance, the first step should be to use PHP 7+ which […]

Kali Linux non-root install w/ screenshots

NOTE: If you are here for a penetration testing install guide of Kali Linux, this guide is NOT for you. The default install of Kali Linux contains many tools which can only run with root privilege. You should instead follow Kali’s default install method for root install and understand the risks. This guide will walk you […]