PHP-FPM tuning: Using ‘pm static’ for max performance

Let’s take a very quick look at how best to set up PHP-FPM for high throughput, low latency, and more stable use of CPU and memory. By default, most setups have PHP-FPM’s PM (process manager) string set to dynamic and there’s also the common advice to use ondemand if you suffer from available memory issues. However, let’s compare the two management […]

Tuning MySQL my.cnf? Avoid this common pitfall!

It took me some time to decide the title for this article. MariaDB has been fast replacing MySQL as a growing number of Linux distributions now default to MariaDB over MySQL. MariaDB is an enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL. Therein lies my predominantly self-made conundrum, MySQL or MariaDB? That said, the MySQL tuning advice below […]

Increase Performance and lifespan of SSDs & SD Cards

SSDs (solid-state drives) and SD (Secure Digital) cards have a limited number of writes before they wear out. To get the most out of this storage type, let’s investigate, then make a few adjustments to maximize the life of your SSDs and SD cards. Article refreshed from 6 years ago.   Using iotop to monitor and […]

Choosing the Best Linux Server Distro (2021)

Are you in the process of choosing a Linux server distro (distribution) for your next project? This article will help you decide by pointing out the strengths of the top Linux server distributions in contention. If you are looking for a Linux desktop distro, look at this post instead: Choosing the Best Linux Distro for […]

grep command in Linux w/ examples

This grep command guide is a follow-up of my previous 90 Linux Commands frequently used by Linux Sysadmins article. Every week, or as time allows, I will publish articles on around 90 commands geared toward Linux sysadmins and Linux power users. Let’s continue this series with the grep command. Grep (global regular expression printer) searches through a file for a specific […]

100 top APM (Application Performance Monitoring) solutions

Looking for application monitoring tools and server monitoring solutions? On this page, I’ve listed the top application performance monitoring (APM), server monitoring, and observability solutions to date. The listings are updated frequently as APM and observability solutions continue a rapid evolution. While I haven’t tested all of these solutions, I’ve used more than a third […]