Measure Linux web server memory usage correctly

Important update: This article was originally posted back in 2014. However, as I later posted in 2017 in the blog post Does your Linux server need a RAM upgrade? Lets check with free, top, vmstat and sar …there was a Linux kernel change to address this in 2016. Hopefully, this change will motivate New Relic and others to follow […]

MySQL Query Cache for Performance, Avoid This When Tuning

Update: MySQL query cache is deprecated as of MySQL 5.7.20, and is removed in MySQL 8.0. – mysql.com One of the most misconfigured MySQL performance features, is MySQL query_cache_size. This post references a web server with 32 gigabytes of RAM where the existing config had MySQL’s query cache size set incorrectly to 4 gigabytes. The thought behind it seemed […]

100 Server and Application Performance Monitoring Tools

Last Updated: Oct 11th 2018, 100+ – Fixed 11 broken links. (including defunct, mergers, acquisitions, or changed links) December 1st 2017 update: 70 100 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring Tools. August 6th 2017 update: 50 70 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring Tools. Back in 2014, I compiled a list of the top 20 server performance monitoring solutions. Largely because I […]

MySQL Performance: Stop hoarding. Drop unused MySQL databases

Last year, I was assisting a new client in addressing MySQL performance issues. There were several areas where MySQL performance issues were addressed. One issue overlooked for several years prior to our communications, was that of keeping around unused databases. Over 15GB of unused MySQL data – a mix of MyISAM and Innodb tables – […]

Linux server performance: Is disk I/O slowing your application?

If your Linux server is bogged down, your first step is often to use the TOP command in terminal to check load averages and wisely so. However, there are times when TOP shows very high load averages even with low cpu ‘us’ (user) and high cpu ‘id’ (idle) percentages. This is the case in the video below, load averages […]

Linux top: Here’s how to customize it

The top command – referred to below as Linux top – provides a dynamic real-time view of a running system. It can display system summary information as well as a list of processes or threads currently being managed by the Linux kernel. The types of system summary information shown by Linux top command and the order […]

Nginx tuning tips: TLS/SSL HTTPS – Improved TTFB/latency

As of 30th June 2018, the PCI Security Standards Council requires that support for SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0 be disabled. TLS 1.1 or higher must be used and TLS 1.2 is strongly recommended. In addition, starting this July, Google Chrome will begin to mark HTTP web sites as “not secure”. Over the past few years, […]

Free Linux Server Monitoring and APM solutions for SysAdmins

Today’s software applications require developers, testers, and SysAdmins to work together (DevOps) more seamlessly than ever before. A single line of code or poorly configured service can negatively impact your application’s performance, causing crippling slowdowns for end-users. This is where application performance monitoring (APM), comes in. APM is also referred to as application performance measurement or application performance management. […]

How to upgrade to PHP 7 on RHEL/CentOS

TL;DR = Upgrade to PHP 7 using Remi’s RPM repository – PHP Configuration wizard. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux distribution developed by Red Hat targeted toward the commercial market. Red Hat uses strict trademark rules to restrict free re-distribution of its officially supported versions, but still freely provides its source code. Third-party derivatives […]

PHP 5.6 EOL (End of Life) – PHP 7 Compatibility Check

Summary: PHP 7.3 benchmark, how to check your PHP scripts/apps for PHP 7 compatibility, upgrade to PHP 7 ASAP, confirm OpCache is enabled/monitored and some php.ini optimization tweaks.   PHP 5.6 and PHP 7.0 hits EOL this year! (2018) PHP 5.6 was first released back in 2014, with alpha 1 released in January 2014. Due to major performance […]