Memcache PHP Extensions for Memcached Caching Daemon

Memcached (Memcache Daemon) is a caching daemon designed especially for dynamic web applications to decrease database load by storing objects in memory. It is commonly used to speed up dynamic database-driven websites by caching data and objects in server memory to reduce the number of times the data source must be read. Memcached is free and open-source software, […]

Choosing the Best Linux Server Distro 2019

Are you trying to decide on a Linux server distro (distribution) in 2019? This article will help guide you based on the strengths of the Linux server distributions available. If you are looking for desktop advice, have a look at Choosing the Best Linux Distro 2019, for Desktop.   Best Linux Server distro 2019 The first […]

100 Server and Application Performance Monitoring Tools 2019

Last Updated: Jan 15th 2019 November 29th 2018 – Site24x7 replaces Coscale. Coscale was recently acquired by New Relic.  Oct 11th 2018 update: 100+ – Fixed 11 broken links. (including defunct, mergers, acquisitions, or changed links) December 1st 2017 update: 70 100 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring Tools. August 6th 2017 update: 50 70 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring […]

Could not increase number of max_open_files to more than… (Solution)

A quick solution to the warning “Could not increase number of max_open_files to more than” when starting MySQL or MariaDB. For some background read How MySQL Opens and Closes Tables. Here’s an excerpt: “The table_open_cache and max_connections system variables affect the maximum number of files the server keeps open. If you increase one or both of these […]

20 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring Solutions

UPDATE: 50 Top Server Monitoring & Application Performance Monitoring (APM) Solutions Last Updated: Nov 23th 2018 – Fixed broken links. (including defunct, mergers, acquisitions, or changed links) Back in September I wrote about an article than touched on the subject of server performance monitoring.  Then just last month a LinkedIn connection asked: “I am using New Relic to monitor […]

Measure Linux web server memory usage correctly

Important update: This article was originally posted back in 2014. However, as I later posted in 2017 in the blog post Does your Linux server need a RAM upgrade? Lets check with free, top, vmstat and sar …there was a Linux kernel change to address this in 2016. Hopefully, this change will motivate New Relic and others to follow […]

MySQL Query Cache for Performance, Avoid This When Tuning

Update: MySQL query cache is deprecated as of MySQL 5.7.20, and is removed in MySQL 8.0. – One of the most misconfigured MySQL performance features, is MySQL query_cache_size. This post references a web server with 32 gigabytes of RAM where the existing config had MySQL’s query cache size set incorrectly to 4 gigabytes. The thought behind it seemed […]

Replacing Cloudflare with CSF Firewall

November 5th 2018 update: I’ve updated this article (the install URL and other minor fixes/improvements). I replaced Cloudflare and thus also Cloudflare Argo with KeyCDN + local firewall and server hardening for this blog as of June 2018. However, do support clients who use Cloudflare and still highly recommend it.  2017 update: With the recent Cloudflare “Cloudbleed” data leak. […]

htop: Here’s how to customize it

htop is an interactive system-monitor, but also a process-viewer, process-manager, strace tool and more. Sysadmins may opt to use htop in cases where Unix top does not provide enough information about system processes. htop uses a cursor-controlled interface for sending signals to processes. Just one example where this comes in handy: you don’t have to type […]

How to Kill Inactive SSH Sessions

So, you’ve been disconnected from your server a couple of times which resulted in inactive ssh sessions. You know this because when you use the “w” command, you see something like the following… 22:47:28 up 315 days, 21:09, 2 users, load average: 9.04, 8.17, 7.30 USER TTY FROM LOGIN@ IDLE JCPU PCPU WHAT root pts/0 ipxxx-xxx-xxx-xxx 23:54 […]