Nginx tuning tips: TLS/SSL HTTPS – Improved TTFB/latency

Since 30th June 2018, the PCI Security Standards Council has required that support for SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0 be disabled and, more recently, to disable TLS 1.1. Using TLS 1.2 and 1.3 is strongly recommended. In addition, as of July 2018, Google Chrome began to mark ‘HTTP’ websites as “not secure.” Over the past […]

The Two Generals Problem

Alice and Bob Imagine there’s a city in a valley. On either side of the valley, there’s an army commanded by a general. On the left hill stands General Alice and her army. On the right hill, General Bob and his army. Alice and Bob want to capture the city, but neither side has an […]

78% of the web powered by PHP (3% on PHP 8)

Today, PHP is used by almost 78% of all the websites whose server-side programming language we know. Popular websites such as Slack, Etsy, Wikipedia, WordPress, Mailchimp, Canva, Indeed,, and others are powered by PHP. However, in the coming months, many websites that fail to upgrade to the latest version of PHP 8 will be […]

Apache Performance: Disable .htaccess

Back in 2013, I searched the web for a performance article which I could forward to a client of StackLinux. One that explained how using WordPress Cache plugins that use .htaccess is almost always slower than plugins that don’t use it. Surprisingly, that search took longer than expected. I finally found this article, where Martin, […]

MySQL Performance Tuning: Tips, Scripts and Tools

With MySQL, common configuration mistakes can create severe performance problems. If you misconfigure just one of the many config parameters, it can cripple performance. Of course, the performance of MySQL is often tied to the efficiency of your MySQL queries. It’s essential to ensure that your performance issues are not due to poorly written MySQL […]

Working Remotely? Pair SSH with Teleport.

As companies have started to embrace working remote-first, we’ve quickly reached the limits of tools available. Sure, you can jump into a Slack Huddle or Screen Share over a Zoom Room, or if you’re running Linux – good luck. Sometimes you want to jam with your co-workers using the Terminal. In this post, I’ll show […]

60 Linux Networking commands and scripts

Recently, I wanted to test network throughput via command line with at least 3 tools. For the life of me, I could not remember iperf. Not being able to remember previously used command line tools is frustrating and something we can all relate to. So I created a go-to list of network tools for myself. […]

Free vs. Available Memory in Linux

At times we will need to know precisely how our Linux systems use memory. This article will examine how to use the free command-line utility to view memory usage on a Linux system. In doing so, we will clearly define the difference between free vs. available memory on Linux systems.   Free vs. Available memory […]

iotop command in Linux w/ examples.

This iotop command guide follows my previous 90 Linux Commands frequently used by Linux Sysadmins article. As time allows, I will continue to publish articles on the 90+ commands geared toward Linux sysadmins and Linux power users. Let’s continue this series with the iotop command. iotop is a simple top-like I/O monitor. A terminal program […]